Synthesis of hexagonal-prism-like ZrB2 by a sol-gel route

Biyun Yang, Junping Li, Bin Zhao, Yongzhen Hu, Tingyu Wang, Dongfeng Sun, Ruixing Li, Shu Yin, Zhihai Feng, Qing Tang, Tsugio Sato

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    35 Citations (Scopus)


    One-dimensional (1D) materials can increase mechanical properties along the long axis of the reinforcement for the composites because of the transfer of stress across the reinforcement-matrix interfaces parallel with the load. In this study, 1D hexagonal-prism-like ZrB2 particles were synthesized by a sol-gel route using zirconium n-propoxide, boric acid, acetic acid, and fructose. Fructose acted as both a modifier and a carbon source for carbothermal reduction reaction. For comparison purposes, both nascent state gel and aged gel were used to clarify the aging-time-dependent mechanism for ZrB2 synthesis. As a result, a single phase ZrB2 could only be obtained from the aged gel with the optimal ratios (by mol.) of 1.2 and 5 for both fructose and acetic acid to zirconium n-propoxide, respectively, reduced at an optimal temperature of 1550°C for 2h. Additionally, it revealed a perfect hexagonal-prism-like morphology for the ZrB2 particles with a uniform size and shape distribution, and average particle size of ca. 0.8μm in diameter of excircle of the hexagonal cross-section.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)522-528
    Number of pages7
    JournalPowder Technology
    Publication statusPublished - 2014 Apr


    • Carbothermal reduction
    • Crystal morphology
    • Sol-gel
    • Synthesis

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Chemical Engineering(all)


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