Synthesis of platinum-based binary and ternary alloy nanoparticles in an intense laser field

Yuliati Herbani, Takahiro Nakamura, Shunichi Sato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


Gold-platinum-silver (Au-Pt-Ag) ion mixtures produced nanoparticle alloys with an average particle size of 5. nm after co-reduction of metal ions by femtosecond laser irradiation of aqueous solutions in the presence of ammonia and polyvinylpyrrolidone, which was used as a stabilizer. Alloy formation was confirmed by analyzing the interplanar spacings measured by diffraction techniques; the interplanar spacings obtained showed good agreement with those derived from Vegard's law. The nanoparticles had elemental composition ratios close to the molar ratios of ions in the mixed solutions, implying a high reduction yield. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy images of nanoparticles revealed that the particles were crystalline and were not phase segregated. Binary nanoparticles from Au-Pt and Ag-Pt immiscible systems were also synthesized to confirm the applicability of this method to ternary systems. The formation of nanoalloys by intense femtosecond laser irradiation was possible due to the fast reduction of the mixed ions by solvated electrons and hydrogen radicals generated in situ during irradiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-87
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Colloid And Interface Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jun 1


  • Aqueous solution
  • Femtosecond laser
  • Nonlinear optical process
  • Solvated electrons
  • Ternary alloy nanoparticles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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