In order to realize high efficiency photocatalysis deNOx effect, a homogeneous three-component photocatalyst, C3N4/rGO/C-TiO2 was successfully synthesized by an in situ synthesis method. First, C3N4/rGO composite was prepared to increase the contact surface between them. Then, C-TiO2 was crystallized on the surface of the C3N4/rGO to obtain relatively dispersed C-TiO2 nanoparticles on the C3N4/rGO. The as-prepared photocatalyst was evaluated by NO removal ratio under weak visible and UV LED light irradiation. C3N4/rGO/C-TiO2 was compared with sample prepared by simple mixing of C3N4, rGO and C-TiO2 within a solution. As a result, sample prepared by in situ synthesis exhibited the highest photocatalytic activity, together with high apparent quantum efficiency. The transient absorption measurement clarified that the composite photocatalyst possessed longer carrier lifetime if compared to that of each component material, resulted to its higher photocatalytic activity. The three-component photocatalyst is thought to have shown enhancement in photocatalytic activity by Z-scheme mechanism with rGO as an electron mediator to improve the performance of Z-scheme.
- Impurities in semiconductors