We conducted the present study to determine the relationship between p53-dependent apoptosis and telomerase activity in ovarian cancer cells. A human ovarian adenocarcinoma cell line, SK-OV-3 that had hornozygous deletion of the p53 gene was used in this study. Wild-type p53 genes were transducted to SK-OV-3 cells with a recombinant adenovirus that contained a wild-type p53 gene (AxCAp53). IC50 to cisplatin (CDDP) was 12.9 μM for SK-OV-3 cells and 9.2 μM for p53 gene-transducted SK-OV-3 cells. The apoptotic index for cells with p53 gene transduction was significantly higher than cells without transduction. Additionally, p53 gene transduction significantly enhanced CDDP-induced apoptosis. Bax protein in SK-OV-3 cells did not differ before and after exposure to CDDP. In SK-OV-3 cells with transduction of the p53 gene, the expression of p53 and Bax proteins increased after exposure to CDDP. Expression of Bcl-xL decreased after exposure to CDDP in SK-OV-3 cells with and without transduction. The telomerase activity in SK-OV-3 cells with the p53 gene was significantly lower compared with the cells without the p53 gene. CDDP exposure did not affect telomerase activity and human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) expression in both cell lines. We suggest that the p53 gene may relate to telomerase activity, but that p53-dependent apoptosis does not affect the activity.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||British Journal of Cancer|
|Publication status||Published - 2001 Jun 1|
- Ovarian cancer cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research