Temperature- and field-induced first-order ferromagnetic transitions in MnFe(P1-xGex)

Hisato Yabuta, Kazunori Umeo, Toshiro Takabatake, Keiichi Koyama, Kazuo Watanabe

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18 Citations (Scopus)


We have found that the hexagonal ZrNiAl-type compounds MnFe(P 1-xGex) with x = 0.15 and 0.17 show temperature- and field-induced first-order paramagnetic-to-ferromagnetic transitions with remarkable hysteresis loops at TC ≃ 250 K. The hysteresis widths in both temperature and field are much larger than those for a similar system of MnFe(P,As). On cooling below TC, the hexagonal lattice of MnFe(P1-xGex) contracts by 1.5% along the a-axis and elongates by 2.8% along the c-axis, keeping the crystal symmetry unchanged. The very small volume expansion of less than 0.1% suggests that the first-order transition is related to the anisotropic lattice distortion rather than the volume change.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113707
Journaljournal of the physical society of japan
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Nov


  • First-order transition
  • Magnetocaloric effect
  • Metamagnetism
  • MnFe(P,AS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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