Temperature-dependent specific transport of levofloxacin in human intestinal epithelial LS180 cells

Shiro Fukumori, Miki Masago, Kazuya Ishida, Yuichiro Kayano, Masato Taguchi, Yukiya Hashimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


It was reported previously that specific levofloxacin uptake in Caco-2 cells was inhibited by nicotine, enalapril, L-carnitine and fexofenadine. The aim of the present study was to characterize the cellular uptake of levofloxacin using another human intestinal cell line, LS180. Levofloxacin uptake in LS180 cells was temperature-dependent and optimal at neutral pH, but was Na +-independent. The rank order of inhibitory effects of the four compounds on [14C] levofloxacin uptake in LS180 cells was nicotine>enalapril>L-carnitine>fexofenadine, which is consistent with that in Caco-2 cells. The mRNA levels of OATP1A2, 1B1, 1B3 and 2B1 in LS180 cells were markedly different from those in Caco-2 cells, and OATP substrates/inhibitors had no systematic effect on the levofloxacin uptake. The mRNA levels of OCTN1 and 2 in LS180 cells were similar to those in Caco-2 cells. However, the inhibitory effect of nicotine on L-[3H]carnitine uptake was much less potent than that of unlabeled L-carnitine. These results indicate that the specific uptake system for levofloxacin in LS180 cells is identical/similar to that in Caco-2 cells, but that OATPs and OCTNs contribute little to levofloxacin uptake in the human intestinal epithelial cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)448-456
Number of pages9
JournalBiopharmaceutics and Drug Disposition
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Caco-2 cells
  • Levofloxacin
  • LS180 cells
  • OATP
  • OCTN

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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