Temperature-related cline in the root mass fraction in east asian wild radish along the Japanese archipelago

Wataru Ishizuka, Kouki Hikosaka, Motomi Ito, Shin Ichi Morinaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Wild plants with a wide distribution, including those exposed to a wide variety of environmental conditions, may have variations in key functional traits relevant for agricultural applications. The East Asian wild radish (Raphanus sativus var. raphanistroides) is an appropriate model plant because it is widely distributed and has outstanding sink capacity as well as two cultivars within the species. Multiple common garden trials with 14 populations and three testing sites were conducted across the Japanese archipelago to quantify variations in yield and allocation. Significant inter-population variations and interaction effects with testing sites were detected for the root and shoot mass and the root mass fraction (RMF). While the rank order of the population changed drastically among sites and the variance components of genetic effects were small in yield traits (2.4%–4.7%), RMF displayed a large genetic variance (23.2%) and was consistently higher in the northern populations at all sites. Analyses revealed that the mean temperature of growing season of the seed origin was the most prominent factor explaining variation in RMF, irrespective of the sites. We concluded that the trait of resource allocation had a temperature-related cline and plants in cooler climates could invest more resources into their roots.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)321-330
Number of pages10
JournalBreeding Science
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Allocation
  • Common garden trial
  • Inter-population variation
  • Radish
  • Sink development
  • Wild species


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