Temporal and spatial variations of upper tropospheric and lower stratospheric carbon dioxide


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Systematic collection of air samples was made using commercial jet airliners between Tokyo, Japan and Anchorage, Alaska and between Tokyo and Sydney, Australia in 1984 and 1985. The amplitude of the seasonal CO2 cycle in the upper troposphere was found to be largest in high latitudes of the northern hemisphere but decreased and lagged in phase as the equator was approached. The cycle was still clearly observable in the southern hemisphere, due to southward transport of the northern hemispheric air through the upper troposphere by a monsoon circulation. The yearly mean value of the upper tropospheric CO2 was high in the equatorial region and decreased poleward. The seasonal cycle of the lower stratospheric CO2 in northern high latitudes showed a minimum concentration early in May and a maximum concentration early in September, with a peak‐to‐peak amplitude of 2.2 ppmv. Yearly mean CO2 concentrations were lower by 1.4‐2.2 ppmv than those in the upper troposphere. The difference in yearly mean CO2 concentrations between 1984 and 1985 was about 1.1 ppmv at all locations covered by this measurement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-117
Number of pages12
JournalTellus B
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1991 Apr

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science


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