Tensile behavior of Ti,Mo-added low carbon steels with interphase boundary precipitated structures

Naoya Kamikawa, Yoshihisa Abe, Goro Miyamoto, Yoshimasa Funakawa, Tadashi Furuhara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Synopsis: Tensile behavior and structure-property relationship of ferritic steels with nano-sized carbide dispersion were invesigated using Ti-added steel and Ti,Mo-added low carbon steels. By austenitizing followed by isothermal heat treatment at 700°C, polygonal ferrites containing very fine carbides of TiC and (Ti,Mo) C were obtained in the Ti-added and the Ti,Mo-added steels, respectively. The size of such carbides was finer in the Ti,Mo-added steel than in the Ti-added steel at the same holding period of isothermal heat treatment. The results of tensile tests for these samples showed that the strength is higher as the diameter of the carbides is smaller. The structure-based strength calculation led to a good agreement with the experiments, when it was assumed that the Ashby-Orowan mechanism is dominant for precipitation strengthening of nano-sized alloy carbides. It was also suggested that a relatively large tensile ductility is related to enhanced recovery during the tensile deformation, accompanied with promotion of secondary slips or cross slips in a finer scale due to the nano-sized particles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)352-361
Number of pages10
JournalTetsu-To-Hagane/Journal of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • Ductility
  • Interphase boundary precipitation
  • Low carbon steel
  • Precipitation strengthening
  • Work hardening


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