This study was carried out to investigate the nervous control of the blood flow in the periodontal ligament measured by laser Doppler flowmeter. Ten adult cats were anesthetized with pentobarbital sodium (initial dose of 30 mg/kg, i.v. and maintenance dose of 5 mg/kg, i.v.). After enucleating the left eye ball, the superior alveolar nerve was exposed. The bone overlying the labial aspect of the left maxillary canine tooth root was pared away until a transparent layer of bone was left covering the periodontal ligament. A laser light from a probe of the flowmeter fixed at the tooth was beamed through the thinned bone. Three different patterns of responses were observed following the electrical stimulation of the distal end of the cut superior alveolar nerve: an increasing, a decreasing and a biphasic change of blood flow. The application of capsaicin onto the superior alveolar nerve reduced the response of blood flow increase but had no effect on the response of blood flow decrease. On the other hand, the response of blood flow decrease was completely inhibited by the pretreatment with phentolamine while the response of blood flow increase was not affected. The present results suggest that blood flow in the periodontal ligament of cats is controlled by sympathetic alpha-adrenergic fibers for vasoconstriction and by sensory fibers for vasodilation.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the Finnish Dental Society. Suomen Hammaslaakariseuran toimituksia|
|Publication status||Published - 1989|