The diversity of mycorrhizal fungi among four Japanese Cephalanthera (Orchidaceae) species was examined at a total of seven sites, based on sequence variation in nuclear ribosomal DNA. This is the first report to detect mycorrhizal fungi in C. subaphylla. Two patterns of mycorrhizal associations were confirmed from our results. C. falcata has lower fungal specificity, associating with Russulaceae, Sebacinales and Thelephoraceae. By contrast, the three Cephalanthera species C. erecta, C. subaphylla, and C. longifolia were associated mainly with Thelephoraceae fungi. There is no large difference found in mycobionts between green and albino individuals of C. falcata and no distinct preference of Japanese Cephalanthera species for a specific fungal group of Thelephoraceae.
- Cephalanthera subaphylla
- ectomycorrhizal fungi