The effect of viewing 3D images on autonomic circulatory regulations

Akira Tanaka, Norihiro Sugita, Makoto Yoshizawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


It is recognized that stress, discomfort or motion sickness caused by viewing video images such as 3D and immersive video can affect the autonomic nervous system. Therefore, in order to evaluate visual images and the associated environment, many researchers have adopted physiological indices obtained from circulatory variables. However, there are usually problems encountered when using these indices, such as large individual differences and a low reproducibility. In the current study, we review the methods that use circulatory indices to evaluate the effect of visual stimulations. Furthermore, a new circulatory regulation system approach that can be used to evaluate the effect of visual stimulation is also introduced.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)372-380
Number of pages9
JournalNeuro-Ophthalmology Japan
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • 3D images
  • Autonomic nervous system
  • Circulatory regulation
  • Heart rate and blood pressure variability
  • VIMS


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