Several cDNAs encoding H-protein, a constituent of the glycine cleavage system, were cloned from chicken liver cDNA libraries with an antibody raised against rat H-protein or with a nick-translated cDNA of an immunoreactive clone. The structure of the H-protein cDNA consisting of 910 base pairs was determined using clones with an apparent overlap in the nucleotide sequence. The cDNA encodes the precursor form of H-protein that is comprised of 39 amino acid residues for a mitochondrial presequence and 125 amino acid residues for the mature protein, following a 5′ untranslated region of 13 base pairs. There are two genuine consensus sequences for the cleavage/polyadenylation of the precursor H-protein mRNA in the 3′ untranslated region of the cDNA sequence. We showed by comparison with the δ-aminolevulinate synthase gene that only one copy of the H-protein cDNA occurs in the haploid genome of the chicken. Nevertheless, two types of H-protein mRNAs, which differ by the length of their 3′ untranslated region, are produced in liver. The chicken H-protein gene extends over 8 kilobase pairs on the genome and includes 5 exons that encode the entire cDNA sequence. Two AATAAA motifs are coded in the last exon of this gene, suggesting that the differently size H-protein mRNAs are produced by the alternative use of these motifs.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Biological Chemistry
|Published - 1991 Feb 15