The human actin-related protein hArp5: Nucleo-cytoplasmic shuttling and involvement in DNA repair

Kumiko Kitayama, Mariko Kamo, Yukako Oma, Ryo Matsuda, Takafumi Uchida, Tsuyoshi Ikura, Satoshi Tashiro, Takashi Ohyama, Barbara Winsor, Masahiko Harata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


Certain actin-related proteins (Arps) of budding yeast are localized in the nucleus, and have essential roles as stoichiometric components of histone acetyltransferase (HAT) and chromatin remodeling complexes. On the other hand, identification of vertebrate nuclear Arps and their functional analyses are just beginning. We show that human Arp5 (hArp5) proteins are localized in the nucleus, and that arp5Δ yeast cells are partially complemented by hArp5. Thus, hArp5 is a novel member of the nuclear Arps of vertebrates, which possess evolutionarily conserved functions from yeast to humans. We show here that hArp5 shuttles between the nucleus and the cytoplasm. Furthermore, after the induction of DNA double strand breaks (DSB), cell growth and the accumulation of phosphorylated histone H2AX (γ-H2AX) are impaired by hArp5 depletion. Association of hArp5 with the hIno80 chromatin remodeling enzyme and decrease of chromatin-bound hIno80 by hArp5-depletion indicate that hArp5 may have a role in the recruitment of the hINO80 complex to chromatin. Overexpression of hArp5 and hIno80 enhanced γ-H2AX accumulation. These observations suggest that hArp5 is involved in the process of DSB repair through the regulation of the chromatin remodelling machinery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)206-217
Number of pages12
JournalExperimental Cell Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jan 15


  • Actin-related protein
  • Chromatin remodeling
  • DNA repair
  • Genome stability
  • Nucleo-cytoplasmic shuttling
  • Regulatory subunit of complex


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