The In-Plane Anisotropy of WTe2 Investigated by Angle-Dependent and Polarized Raman Spectroscopy

Qingjun Song, Xingchen Pan, Haifeng Wang, Kun Zhang, Qinghai Tan, Pan Li, Yi Wan, Yilun Wang, Xiaolong Xu, Miaoling Lin, Xiangang Wan, Fengqi Song, Lun Dai

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95 Citations (Scopus)


Tungsten ditelluride (WTe2) is a semi-metallic layered transition metal dichalcogenide with a stable distorted 1T phase. The reduced symmetry of this system leads to in-plane anisotropy in various materials properties. We have systemically studied the in-plane anisotropy of Raman modes in few-layer and bulk WTe2 by angle-dependent and polarized Raman spectroscopy (ADPRS). Ten Raman modes are clearly resolved. Their intensities show periodic variation with sample rotating. We identify the symmetries of the detected modes by quantitatively analyzing the ADPRS results based on the symmetry selection rules. Material absorption effect on the phonon modes with high vibration frequencies is investigated by considering complex Raman tensor elements. We also provide a rapid and nondestructive method to identify the crystallographic orientation of WTe2. The crystallographic orientation is further confirmed by the quantitative atomic-resolution force image. Finally, we find that the atomic vibrational tendency and complexity of detected modes are also reflected in the shrinkage degree defined based on ADPRS, which is confirmed by corresponding density functional calculation. Our work provides a deep understanding of the interaction between WTe2 and light, which will benefit in future studies about the anisotropic physical properties of WTe2 and other in-plane anisotropic materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number29254
JournalScientific Reports
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jul 11


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