The nuclear actin-related protein of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Act3p/Arp4, interacts with core histones

Masahiko Harata, Yukako Oma, Shigeki Mizuno, Yi Wei Jiang, David J. Stillman, Ulrike Wintersberger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

111 Citations (Scopus)


Act3p/Arp4, an essential actin-related protein of Saccharomyces cerevisiae located within the nucleus, is, according to genetic data, involved in transcriptional regulation. In addition to the basal core structure of the actin family members, which is responsible for ATPase activity, Act3p possesses two insertions, insertions I and II, the latter of which is predicted to form a loop-like structure protruding from beyond the surface of the molecule. Because Act3p is a constituent of chromatin but itself does not bind to DNA, we hypothesized that insertion II might be responsible for an Act3p-specific function through its interaction with some other chromatin protein. Far Western blot and two-hybrid analyses revealed the ability of insertion II to bind to each of the core histones, although with somewhat different affinities. Together with our finding of coimmunoprecipitation of Act3p with histone H2A, this suggests the in vivo existence of a protein complex required for correct expression of particular genes. We also show that a conditional act3 mutation affects chromatin structure of an episomal DNA molecule, indicating that the putative Act3p complex may be involved in the establishment, remodeling, or maintenance of chromatin structures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2595-2605
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular Biology of the Cell
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Aug


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