In order to investigate the origin of quasars, we estimate the bias factor for low-luminosity quasars at high redshift for the first time. In this study, we use the two-point angular cross-correlation function (CCF) for both lowluminosity quasars at -24 <M1450 <-22 and Lyman-break galaxies (LBGs). Our sample consists of both 25 low-luminosity quasars (16 objects are spectroscopically confirmed low-luminosity quasars) in the redshift range 3.1 <z <4.5 and 835 color-selected LBGs with zLBG 25.0 <at z ∼ 4 in the COSMOS field. We have performed our analysis for the following two quasar samples: (1) the spectroscopic sample (the 16 quasars confirmed by spectroscopy), and (2) the total sample (the 25 quasars including 9 quasars with photometric redshifts). The bias factor for low-luminosity quasars at z ∼ 4 is derived by utilizing the quasar-LBG CCF and the LBG autocorrelation function. We then obtain the 86% upper limits of the bias factors for low-luminosity quasars, which are 5.63 and 10.50 for the total and the spectroscopic samples, respectively. These bias factors correspond to the typical dark matter halo masses, log (MDM/(h-1Mo.)= 12.7 and 13.5, respectively. This result is not inconsistent with the predicted bias for quasars that is estimated by the major merger models.
|Publication status||Published - 2015 Aug 20|
- galaxies: active
- large-scale structure of universe
- quasars: general
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science