The role of atypical MAP kinase 4 in the host interaction with Cryptosporidium parvum

Nina Watanabe, Hironori Bando, Fumi Murakoshi, Riku Sakurai, Mohammad Hazzaz Bin Kabir, Yasuhiro Fukuda, Kentaro Kato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cryptosporidium parvum is an apicomplexan parasite that causes severe zoonotic diarrhea in humans and calves. Since there are no effective treatments or vaccines for infants or immunocompromised patients, it is important to understand the molecular mechanisms of the parasite–host interaction for novel drug discovery. Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAP kinase) is a key host factor in interactions between host and various pathogens, including parasites. Although the function of conventional MAP kinases against parasite infection has been investigated, that of atypical MAP kinases remains largely unknown. Therefore, we focused on one of the atypical MAP kinases, MAPK4, and its effect on C. parvum infection in human intestinal cells. Here, we report that MAPK4-deficient intestinal cells showed a significant reduction in C. parvum infection. We also show that host MAPK4 has a role in host cell survival from C. parvum infection. In addition, we show that C. parvum requires host MAPK4 for its successful invasion and asexual reproduction. Taken together, our data suggest that MAPK4 is an important host factor contributing to C. parvum infection in human intestinal cells.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1096
JournalScientific Reports
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Dec

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