Background: Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) is a predominant cause of death in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is recognized as a syndrome that frequently develops MODS. To test the hypothesis that DIC scores are useful for predicting MODS development and that DIC is associated with MODS, we retrospectively analyzed the data of a prospective, multicenter study on ARDS. Methods: Patients who met the Berlin definition of ARDS were included. DIC scores as well as the disease severity and the development of MODS on the day of the diagnosis of ARDS (day 0) and day 3 were evaluated. The primary and secondary outcomes were the development of MODS and the hospital mortality. Results: In the 129 eligible patients, the prevalence of DIC was 45.7% (59/129). DIC patients were more seriously ill and exhibited a higher prevalence of MODS on days 0 and 3 than non-DIC patients. The DIC scores on day 0 detected the development of MODS with good area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (0.714, p<.001). DIC on day 0 was significantly associated with MODS on days 0 and 3 (odds ratio 1.53 and 1.34, respectively). Patients with persistent DIC from days 0 to 3 had higher rates of both MODS on day 3 (p=.035) and hospital mortality (p=.031) than the other patients. Conclusions: DIC scores were able to predict MODS, and DIC was associated with MODS during the early stage of ARDS. Persistent DIC may also have role in this association.
- Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
- Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)
- Organ dysfunction