The therapeutic strategy is determined by protein expression using immunohistochemistry of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) breast cancer tissues. However, few proteins function independently, and many of them functions due to protein-protein interactions (PPIs) with other proteins. Therefore, it is important to focus on PPIs. This review summarizes the PPIs of ER and HER2 in breast cancer, especially those using a proximity ligation assay that can visualize PPIs in FFPE tissues. In particular, assessing the interaction of CEACAM6 with HER2 may serve as a surrogate marker for the efficacy of trastuzumab in patients with breast cancer. Therefore, in this review, the technique used to detect the interaction of CEACAM6 and HER2 in routinely processed pathological specimens will be applied to the clinical practice of drug selection. We showed the possibility as a novel pathological examination method using PPIs.
- Breast cancer
- Estrogen receptor
- Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2
- Protein-protein interaction
- Proximity ligation assay