Theoretical study of the hydrogen relay dissociation of water molecules on Si(001) surfaces

K. Akagi, M. Tsukada

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Important features of the dissociative adsorption of water molecules on a Si(001) clean surface are clarified by first-principles density functional calculations. It is elucidated that the dissociation reactivity is more enhanced when the water molecule interacts with the surface not as a single molecule but as clusters. The mechanism of the dissociation is analyzed by the frontier orbital theory. The dissociation as a water dimer is found to be reasonable in terms of 'phase' and 'overlap' of the orbitals as well as the 'gap of energy levels'. The adsorption features are also investigated on Si(001) surfaces which are partially modified by the water fragments such as -OH and -H. It is found that the dissociation reactivity as a water dimer on a certain modified surface becomes higher than that on a clean surface. This provides a clue to the explanation of the experimental results that the surface regions covered with Si-OH and Si-H species form two-dimensional island structures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-17
Number of pages9
JournalSurface Science
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Sept 10
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1998 International Symposium on Surface and Interface: Properties of Different Symmetry Crossing 98 (ISSI PDSC-98) - Tokyo, Jpn
Duration: 1998 Nov 191998 Nov 21

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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