Thermal analysis and mechanism of α-Zn2SiO 4:Mn2+ formation from zinc oxalate dihydrate under hydrothermal conditions

Atsuko Suino, Suguru Toyama, Masafumi Takesue, Hiromichi Hayashi, Richard L. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Reaction of zinc oxalate dihydrate in high-temperature water at 200-400°C was investigated to understand the mechanism of α-Zn 2SiO4:Mn2+ formation and specifically why zinc oxalate dihydrate forms α-Zn2SiO4 crystalline phase at a higher rate compared with other water soluble and insoluble zinc sources studied in our previous works. From experiments under hydrothermal conditions, it was determined that the dehydration of zinc oxalate dihydrate became suppressed as the temperature and pressure increased. From thermal analyses, zinc oxalate dihydrate, which dehydrates at 160°C in air, was stable at conditions up to 300°C in water and this resulted in the lack of formation of the intermediate phase, hemimorphite, which forms at 150-175°C from other zinc compounds (e.g. ZnO). The stability of the zinc oxalate dihydrate under hydrothermal conditions can possibly be attributed to changes in the chemical equilibrium with temperature and pressure which leads to the compound having less reactivity with silica so that reaction paths to form hemimorphite and β-Zn2SiO4 become unfavorable. Zinc oxalate dihydrate as starting material provided α-Zn2SiO4 at a higher formation rate than other starting materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1025-1030
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Chemistry and Physics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 15


  • Crystallisation
  • Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR)
  • Inorganic compounds
  • Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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