Thermal isomerization pre-treatment to improve lycopene extraction from tomato pulp

Masaki Honda, Yo Watanabe, Kazuya Murakami, Ryota Takemura, Tetsuya Fukaya, Wahyudiono, Hideki Kanda, Motonobu Goto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of thermal Z-isomerization pre-treatment on lycopene extraction from dried tomato pulp by organic solvents and supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) was evaluated. Although total Z-isomer content of lycopene in fresh tomato pulp was only 6.1%, it increased by thermal treatment at 120 and 150 °C for 1 h to 10.0% and 56.2%, respectively. Furthermore, by adding 1 g/100 g of olive oil to the pulp, the thermal Z-isomerization efficiencies of lycopene at 120 and 150 °C for 1 h improved significantly such that the total Z-isomer contents were 30.4% and 75.7%. After freeze-drying of the thermal treated tomato pulp, lycopene was extracted by ethanol, ethyl acetate, and SC-CO2. When any solvents were used for the extraction, lycopene recovery increased according to the Z-isomer content of dried tomato pulp, e.g. in the case that ethanol extraction was conducted from the pulp containing 6.1%, 30.4%, and 75.7% Z-isomer content of lycopene, lycopene recoveries were 4.3%, 28.1%, and 75.9%, respectively. These results strongly indicated that Z-isomers of lycopene are more soluble in solvents than the all-E-isomer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-75
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec
Externally publishedYes


  • Carotenoid
  • E/Z isomerization
  • Separation
  • Solubility
  • Supercritical CO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science


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