Thermodynamic assessment of the Cu-Ni-Pb system

Cui Ping Wang, Xing Jun Liu, Ikuo Ohnuma, Ryosuke Kainuma, Kiyohito Ishida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


A thermodynamic assessment of the binary systems Ni-Pb, Cu-Pb and the ternary system Cu-Ni-Pb was carried out by the CALPHAD method. The Gibbs free energies of both the liquid and solid solution phases were described by subregular solution models. A set of parameters describing the Gibbs energies of the different phases in this ternary system was optimized using experimental phase diagram and thermodynamic information. Good agreement between the calculated phase diagrams and experimental data was obtained in the binary Ni-Pb, Cu-Pb and ternary Cu-Ni-Pb systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-167
Number of pages19
JournalCalphad: Computer Coupling of Phase Diagrams and Thermochemistry
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Jun


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