Thermodynamic database of the phase diagrams in Cu-Fe base ternary systems

C. P. Wang, X. J. Liu, I. Ohnuma, R. Kainuma, K. Ishida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)


A thermodynamic database of the Cu-Fe-X [X: aluminum (Al), cobalt (Co), chromium (Cr), manganese (Mn), molybdenum (Mo), niobium (Nb), nickel (Ni), vanadium (V)] systems was developed by the CALPHAD (Calculation of Phase Diagrams) method, where the Gibbs energies of solution phases such as the liquid, face-centered-cubic (fcc), body-centered-cubic (bcc), and hexagonal-close-packed (hcp) phases are described by the subregular solution model, while the those of the bcc phase in the Cu-Fe-Al system and of all compounds are described by the sublattice model. The thermodynamic parameters describing Gibbs energies of the different phases in this database were evaluated by fitting the experimental data for phase equilibria and thermodynamic properties. On the basis of this database, much information concerning stable and metastable phase equilibria of isothermal and vertical sections, molar fractions of constituent phases, the liquidus projection, etc., can be predicted. This database is expected to play an important role in the design of Cu-Fe base alloys.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)320-328
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Phase Equilibria and Diffusion
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Oct


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