Thermodynamic effect on rotating cavitation in an inducer

Yoshiki Yoshida, Yoshifumi Sasao, Mitsuo Watanabe, Tomoyuki Hashimoto, Yuka Iga, Toshiaki Ikohagi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


Cavitation in cryogenic fluids has a thermodynamic effect because of the thermal imbalance around the cavity. It improves cavitation performances in turbomachines due to the delay of cavity growth. The relationship between the thermodynamic effect and cavitation instabilities, however, is still unknown. To investigate the influence of the thermodynamic effect on rotating cavitation appeared in the turbopump inducer, we conducted experiments in which liquid nitrogen was set at different temperatures (74 K, 78 K, and 83 K) with a focus on the cavity length. At higher cavitation numbers, supersynchronous rotating cavitation occurred at the critical cavity length of Lc/h≅0.5 with a weak thermodynamic effect in terms of the fluctuation of cavity length. In contrast, synchronous rotating cavitation occurred at the critical cavity length of Lc/h≅0.9-1.0 at lower cavitation numbers. The critical cavitation number shifted to a lower level due to the suppression of cavity growth by the thermodynamic effect, which appeared significantly with rising liquid temperature. The unevenness of cavity length under synchronous rotating cavitation was decreased by the thermodynamic effect. Furthermore, we confirmed that the fluid force acting on the inducer notably increased under conditions of rotating cavitation, but that the amplitude of the shaft vibration depended on the degree of the unevenness of the cavity length through the thermodynamic effect

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)913021-913027
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Fluids Engineering, Transactions of the ASME
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Sept 1


  • Cavitating inducer
  • Cavity length
  • Fluid force
  • Rotating cavitation
  • Thermodynamic effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering


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