Third-order nonlinear optical properties of open-shell systems: Diradical character and spin state dependences

Masayoshi Nakano, Hitoshi Fukui, Hiroshi Nagai, Takuya Minami, Ryohei Kishi, Hideaki Takahashi, Takashi Kubo, Kenji Kamada, Koji Ohta, Benoît Champagne, Edith Botek

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The third-order nonlinear optical (NLO) properties of open-shell singlet molecular systems are investigated using model and real molecular systems by the ab initio molecular orbital (MO) and density functional theory (DFT) approaches. The diradical character dependence of the second hyperpolarizability (γ) - the microscopic origin of the third-order NLO properties - is elucidated as well as its spin state dependence: γ values for the singlet systems with intermediate diradical character are remarkably enhanced as compared to those of closed-shell and pure diradical systems, and the γ values for intermediate diradical systems are significantly reduced by changing from singlet to triplet state. Such features are exemplified by two-site diradical model systems, diphenalenyl diradicaloids, and nanographenes. The γ values of multi-radical systems including one-dimensional diphenalenyl diradical clusters are also examined, while the intermolecular interaction effects and the size dependence of γ per unit are discussed toward realizing a new class of open-shell NLO materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-53
Number of pages11
JournalAIP Conference Proceedings
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Event6th International Conference on Computational Methods in Science and Engineering, ICCMSE 2008 - Hersonissos, Crete, Greece
Duration: 2008 Sept 252008 Sept 30


  • Nonlinear optics
  • Open-shell
  • Radical
  • Second hyperpolarizability
  • Spin


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