Segregation of boron at random austenite grain boundaries with known misorientation angle in a boron-added low carbon steel quenched from austenite state at different temperatures was investigated quantitatively using three-dimensional atom probe. Boron segregation is reduced at low angle boundaries or low quenching temperatures. The latter result indicates that non-equilibrium boron segregation plays an important role and is enhanced at higher quenching temperature due to more excess vacancies and longer diffusion distance during quenching from higher temperature.
- Grain boundary
- Three-dimensional atom probe