Three-dimensional oscillatory convection of LiCaAlF6 melts in Czochralski crystal growth

Zhong Zeng, Jingqiu Chen, Hiroshi Mizuseki, Kiyoshi Shimamura, Tsuguo Fukuda, Yoshiyuki Kawazoe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


Three-dimensional (3D) unsteady mixed thermal buoyancy, Marangoni and forced convection of LiCaAlF6 (LiCAF) melts (Prandtl number Pr ≈ 1.4) are investigated numerically for model set up typically for Czochralski crystal growth. With increasing crystal rotation rate, convection evolves from steady axisymmetric to three-dimensional oscillatory convection with varying spatio-temporal features. The details of the oscillatory convection structures are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)538-549
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2003 May


  • A1. Computer simulation
  • A1. Convection
  • A1. Fluid flows
  • A1. Marangoni convection
  • A2. Czochralski method
  • B1. Fluoride single crystal


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