Three-dimensional quantification of susceptibility artifacts from various metals in magnetic resonance images

Haruki Imai, Yoji Tanaka, Naoyuki Nomura, Yusuke Tsutsumi, Hisashi Doi, Zuisei Kanno, Kikuo Ohno, Takashi Ono, Takao Hanawa

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Susceptibility artifacts generated in magnetic resonance (MR) images were quantitatively evaluated for various metals using a three-dimensional (3-D) artifact rendering to demonstrate the correlation between magnetic susceptibility and artifact volume. Ten metals (stainless steel, Co-Cr alloy, Nb, Ti, Zr, Mo, Al, Sn, Cu and Ag) were prepared, and their magnetic susceptibilities measured using a magnetic balance. Each metal was embedded in a Ni-doped agarose gel phantom and the MR images of the metal-containing phantoms were taken using 1.5 and 3.0 T MR scanners under both fast spin echo and gradient echo conditions. 3-D renderings of the artifacts were constructed from the images and the artifact volumes were calculated for each metal. The artifact volumes of metals decreased with decreasing magnetic susceptibility, with the exception of Ag. Although Sn possesses the lowest absolute magnetic susceptibility (1.8 × 10-6), the artifact volume from Cu (-7.8 × 10-6) was smaller than that of Sn. This is because the magnetic susceptibility of Cu was close to that of the agarose gel phantom (-7.3 × 10-6). Since the difference in magnetic susceptibility between the agarose and Sn is close to that between the agarose and Ag (-17.5 × 10-6), their artifact volumes were almost the same, although they formed artifacts that were reversed in all three dimensions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8433-8439
Number of pages7
JournalActa Biomaterialia
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Sept


  • Artifact volume
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Magnetic susceptibility
  • Susceptibility artifact

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