Three-dimensional shock wave distortion in shock-square vortex loop interaction

Takahiro Ukai, Hossein Zare-Behtash, Konstantinos Kontis, Shigeru Obayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Understanding of the three-dimensional shock wave-vortex loop interaction phenomena plays a key role in noise reduction. This study focuses on the three-dimensional shock wave distortion and propagation phenomena in a near-field supersonic jet. Shock-square vortex loop interaction was experimentally investigated in a square cross-sectional open-end shock wave generating tube at an incident shock Mach number of 1.39 ± 0.05. A square vortex loop impinged on a reflected shock wave from a wall located in front of the nozzle end. The planar reflected shock wave transforms into either a concave or convex distorted shape due to the opposing high-speed flow emitted from the nozzle corner. The convex shaped shock wave scatters towards the outside of the vortex loop, whereas the concave one converges towards the centre of the vortex loop. The concave shaped shock wave results in shock wave focusing. In shock-square vortex loop interaction, the shock wave is locally focused along the axis of the nozzle corner.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-90
Number of pages6
JournalExperimental Thermal and Fluid Science
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Dec 1


  • Shock wave focusing
  • Shock wave interaction
  • Square vortex loop


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