This paper examines the thermo-mechanical behavior of cracked G-11 woven glass/epoxy laminates with temperature-dependent material properties under tension at cryogenic temperatures. Three-dimensional finite elements are employed to model the architecture of the two-layer woven laminates. It is assumed that the cracks are confined to individual fiber bundles oriented transverse to the tensile load direction and span the thickness of the fiber bundles. The effects of residual thermal stresses caused by differences in the coefficients of thermal expansion of the composite constituents, and cracks on the mechanical behavior of two-layer G-11 woven laminates at cryogenic temperatures are explored. Numerical results for Young's modulus, Poisson's ratio, and stress distributions and concentrations are obtained and discussed in detail.
- A. Textile composites
- B. Thermomechanical properties
- C. Anisotropy
- C. Crack
- C. Finite element analysis