Time- And angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy for the saddle-point excitons in GaAs

Hiroshi Tanimura, Katsumi Tanimura

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10 Citations (Scopus)


The electronic structure and dynamics of saddle-point excitons formed under E1-resonance excitation around 3.0 eV in GaAs have been studied using time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. The momentum- and energy-resolved spectra of the exciton photoionization reveal that the exciton wave function is composed mainly of the electron-hole pair states at the wave number of 0.32±0.04Å-1 along the Γ-L direction of the bulk Brillouin zone. Time-resolved characteristics of the photoemission is featured by a bimodal decay in the femtosecond (fs) time frame with two different time constants of 11±0.5fs and 120±10fs. The short lifetime reflects the autoionization processes of coherently generated excitonic polarization to unbound electron-hole pair states, and the long time constant represents incoherent exciton formation by combination between unbound electron-hole pairs during relaxation. The momentum- and energy-resolved features of photoemission from the exciton are governed by recoil effects of the conjugated holes that restore the valence-band states.

Original languageEnglish
Article number045204
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jul 15


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