Topological electronic structure of YbMg2Bi2 and CaMg2Bi2

Asish K. Kundu, Tufan Roy, Santanu Pakhira, Ze Bin Wu, Masahito Tsujikawa, Masafumi Shirai, D. C. Johnston, Abhay N. Pasupathy, Tonica Valla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Zintl compounds have been extensively studied for their outstanding thermoelectric properties, but their electronic structure remains largely unexplored. Here, we present a detailed investigation of the electronic structure of the isostructural thermopower materials YbMg2Bi2 and CaMg2Bi2 using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) and density functional theory (DFT). The ARPES results show a significantly smaller Fermi surface and Fermi velocity in CaMg2Bi2 than in YbMg2Bi2. Our ARPES results also reveal that in the case of YbMg2Bi2, Yb-4f states reside well below the Fermi level and likely have a negligible impact on transport properties. To properly model the position of 4f-states, as well as the overall electronic structure, a Hubbard U at the Yb sites and spin-orbit coupling (SOC) have to be included in the DFT calculations. The theoretical results reveal that both materials belong to a Z2 topological class and host topological surface states around EF. Due to the intrinsic hole doping, the topological states reside above the Fermi level, inaccessible by ARPES. Our results also suggest that in addition to SOC, vacancies and the resulting hole doping play an important role in the transport properties of these materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number67
Journalnpj Quantum Materials
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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