Topological node-line semimetal in three-dimensional graphene networks

Hongming Weng, Yunye Liang, Qiunan Xu, Rui Yu, Zhong Fang, Xi Dai, Yoshiyuki Kawazoe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

599 Citations (Scopus)


Graphene, a two-dimensional (2D) carbon sheet, acquires many of its amazing properties from the Dirac point nature of its electronic structures with negligible spin-orbit coupling. Extending to 3D space, graphene networks with negative curvature, called Mackay-Terrones crystals (MTCs), have been proposed and experimentally explored, yet their topological properties have yet to be discovered. Based on the first-principle calculations, we report an all-carbon MTC with topologically nontrivial electronic states by exhibiting node lines in bulk. When the node lines are projected onto surfaces to form circles, "drumhead"-like flat surface bands nestled inside of the circles are formed. The bulk node line can evolve into a 3D Dirac point in the absence of inversion symmetry, the existence of which has been shown to be plausible in recent experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number045108
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jul 8


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