Introduction: Titanium miniscrew implants are popular in orthodontics, but there is little information about their torsional performance. Methods: Four brands of miniscrew implants (A-D) with 1.6-mm diameters were compared, with miniscrew A implants also having diameters of 1.2 to 2.0 mm. Nominal compositions of the implants were determined by x-ray fluorescence (n = 8). The miniscrews were loaded to failure in torsion, and the mean moment and twist angle were determined for each group (n = 8). Data were compared by ANOVA and the Tukey multiple range tests. Micro x-ray diffraction (n = 3) was used to identify phases in the implants, and the phases were also examined in etched cross-sections with a scanning electron microscope. Results: Miniscrew A and C implants were pure titanium, whereas miniscrew B and D implants contained small amounts of vanadium, aluminum, iron, and manganese. Only alpha-titanium peaks were detected for all implants by micro x-ray diffraction, but beta titanium was observed in the microstructures of miniscrew B and D implants, which had significantly higher torsional moments at failure. Conclusions: Addition of small amounts of other elements to titanium yielded significantly improved torsional performance for miniscrew implants. Research to develop optimum compositions for mechanical properties and biocompatibility is needed.
|Journal||American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics|
|Publication status||Published - 2008 Sept|