Herein we report a total synthesis of the indolohydroazocine natural product actinophyllic acid. The target molecule was retrosynthetically deconvoluted to render a greatly simplified and symmetrical [4.4.1] bicyclic trienone, the desymmetrization of which was carefully examined under a variety of conditions, including oxidative, reductive, and transition-metal-catalyzed transformations. Ultimately, the successful synthetic strategy featured chemoselective catalytic dihydroxylation, desymmetrizing nitrile oxide dipolar cycloaddition, and palladium-catalyzed aminoarylation to sequentially modify the three olefins within the trienone, followed by a late-stage reductive cascade indolization and alkylation to complete the target molecule.
- natural products
- total synthesis