Tough and Strong Ce-TZP/Alumina Nanocomposites Doped with Titania

Masahiro Nawa, Syoichi Nakamoto, Tohru Sekino, Koichi Niihara

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158 Citations (Scopus)


To develop a new attractive Ce-TZP ceramic, which possesses a high strength while still preserving significant high toughness, we investigated an intragranular type of nanocomposite in lower CeO2 content for 0-1 mol% TiO2 doped Ce-TZP/Al2O3 system. These composites partly possessed an intragranular microstructure, in which several of 10 100 nm sized Al2O3 particles were trapped within the ZrO2 grains. Furthermore, elongated Al2O3-like phases were produced at the ZrO2 grain boundaries, which were in-situ precipitated during the sintering process. TiO2 was confirmed to dissolve into the tetragonal ZrO2 lattice, which was determined to be effective for strengthening with a slight addition due to its grain growth enhancing ability on ZrO2. For an optimum component with 0.05 mol% TiO2 doped 10Ce-TZP/30vol% Al2O3 composite, both high strength (950 MPa) and high toughness (18.3MPa.m1/2 for the IF method, 9.8MPa-m1/2 for the SEVNB method) were achieved thus breaking through the strength-toughness tradeoff relation in transformation toughened ZrO2 and its composite materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)497-506
Number of pages10
JournalCeramics International
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Sept

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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