Toward surgical angiogenesis using slow-released basic fibroblast growth factor

Yutaka Sakakibara, Keiichi Tambara, Genichi Sakaguchi, Fanglin Lu, Masaya Yamamoto, Kazunobu Nishimura, Yasuhiko Tabata, Masashi Komeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

85 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: Therapeutic angiogenesis using basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) in coronary artery disease has been documented in a number of papers. However, the effectiveness is discrepant among documents. In this study, we evaluated the distribution of bFGF in the rat heart by different administration methods, and investigated the efficacy of slow-released administration of bFGF using biodegradable hydrogel microspheres (bFGF microspheres) in a pig infarction model toward an enhanced coronary bypass surgery. Methods: Heart failure due to myocardial infarction was induced in rats and pigs. In the rat study, free form of bFGF (central venous injection, intracoronary injection, and intramyocardial administration) and bFGF microspheres (intramyocardial administration) were given 4 weeks later. The remaining radioactivity of bFGF in the hearts was estimated 1, 24, and 72 h later. On the other hand, the pigs were randomized into two groups 4 weeks after myocardial infarction. While the control group (n=8) had gelatin hydrogel microspheres with saline, the FGF group (n=8) received bFGF microspheres in the left ventricular (LV) wall. Results: In the rat study, after intramyocardial administration of bFGF microspheres, more bFGF remained in the rat heart 72 h later compared with the other methods (P<0.0001). In the pig study, 4 weeks after the treatment, the FGF group had smaller LV diastolic diameter (48.7±5.3 vs. 56.7±5.2 mm, P<0.01) than the control group. LV end-systolic elastance was higher in the FGF group (2.96±1.2 vs. 1.06±0.3 mmHg/ml, P<0.01). In microscopic examinations, many neovessels were found in and around the scar tissue, and the vascular density in the FGF group was significantly higher (61.5±18.3 vs. 153.0±29.0/mm2, P<0.01). In addition, the infarcted LV walls were less expanded and more thickened in the FGF group. Conclusions: Biodegradable hydrogel microspheres with bFGF improved LV function and inhibited LV remodeling by angiogenesis in pigs with chronic myocardial infarction. bFGF microspheres into ischemic myocardium may revascularize small ungraftable vessels and may potentially increase distal run-off when applied in coronary bypass surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-112
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jul 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Angiogenesis
  • Basic fibroblast growth factor
  • Myocardial infarction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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