Toward the human-robot co-existence society: On safety intelligence for next generation robots

Yueh Hsuan Weng, Chien Hsun Chen, Chuen Tsai Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Citations (Scopus)


Technocrats from many developed countries, especially Japan and South Korea, are preparing for the human-robot co-existence society that they believe will emerge by 2030. Regulators are assuming that within the next two decades, robots will be capable of adapting to complex, unstructured environments and interacting with humans to assist with the performance of daily life tasks. Unlike heavily regulated industrial robots that toil in isolated settings, Next Generation Robots will have relative autonomy, which raises a number of safety issues that are the focus of this article. Our purpose is to describe a framework for a legal system focused on Next Generation Robots safety issues, including a Safety Intelligence concept that addresses robot Open-Texture Risk. We express doubt that a model based on Isaac Asimov's Three Laws of Robotics can ever be a suitable foundation for creating an artificial moral agency ensuring robot safety. Finally, we make predictions about the most significant Next Generation Robots safety issues that will arise as the human-robot co-existence society emerges.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-282
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Social Robotics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Nov


  • Roboethics
  • Robot law
  • Robot legal studies
  • Robot policy
  • Safety intelligence
  • Social robotics
  • The three laws of robotics


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