Transformation of Bi,Pb-2223 phase from multilayered precursor films

Akiyoshi Matsumoto, Hitoshi Kitaguchi, Yusuke Shimada, Satoshi Hata

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Bi,Pb-2223 phase on SrTiO3(100) fabricated by RF sputtering and annealing method have been investigated. We tried to fabricate Bi,Pb-2223 phase using multilayered precursors of Bi-2212 and Ca-Cu-Pb-O. We fabricated a multilayered film as a precursor by using two kinds of sputtering targets of Bi,Pb-2212 and Ca-Cu-Pb-O. After deposition by sputtering, the multi-layered precursor was annealed with Bi,Pb-2223 pellets at 840 °C for 100 h. From the X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements, the main peaks of the precursor film were of Bi,Pb-2212 phase, but still remained large impurity phase. From the transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy (STEM) observation, we confirmed that a multilayer combination of a Bi,Pb-2212 layer and Ca-Cu-Pb-O layer was formed. After annealing, we determined the Tc through resistance measurements. The Tc value determined by the four-probe method was Tczero = 104.K. Furthermore, we observed two phases of Bi,Pb-2223 and Bi,Pb-2212 by XRD measurement. These results suggest that the Bi,Pb-2223 phase transformed from multilayered precursor film of Bi,Pb-2212 and Ca-Cu-Pb-O formed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8673641
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Aug


  • Bi
  • multilayer
  • Pb-2223
  • RF sputtering
  • STEM
  • thin film
  • transformation


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