Transient shift of local oxygen potential in nonstoichiometric oxides upon application of mechanical stress

Tatsuya Kawada, Tomohisa Masumitsu, Yuta Kimura, Satoshi Watanabe, Shin Ichi Hashimoto, Keiji Yashiro, Koji Amezawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Effect of mechanical stress on defect equilibrium was studied with an oxygen nonstoichiometric compound, La0.6Sr0.4Co 0.2Fe0.8O3-δ . In general, formation of oxygen vacancy in an oxide causes lattice expansion, which leads to stabilization of oxygen vacancy in the material under a tensile stress, and vice versa. Oxygen vacancy concentration is thus expected to increase under a tensile stress and decrease under a compressive stress. However, the change in defect concentration would not proceed spontaneously so that the material just after the application of stress would stay out of equilibrium. On this assumption, attempts were made to detect the shift of oxygen potential under stress using a potentiometric method. A ball-shaped yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) of 9.5 mm in diameter was utilized as an oxygen potential sensor as well as a pushing rod which was pressed onto the sample surface. In the measurements at 873 K to 1073 K, a clear shift of emf to the negative direction was observed depending on the magnitude of load and loading speed. It was followed by a relaxation to the initial value under the stress. On unloading operation, the shift of emf to the positive direction was observed. Those behaviors were well explained by the assumption that the oxygen vacancy concentration varies under mechanical stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-85
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Electroceramics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Feb


  • Electromotive force
  • Mechanical stress
  • Nonstoichiometry
  • Oxygen potential
  • Oxygen vacancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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