Tribological Behavior of Rice Bran Ceramics in a Vacuum Environment

Takeshi Yamaguchi, Kei Shibata, Kazuo Hokkirigawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this study, we investigated the friction and wear of rice bran (RB) ceramics—hard porous carbon materials made from rice bran—in a vacuum environment. Sliding friction tests for RB ceramic pin–RB ceramic disk contact were performed using a pin-on-disk-type friction tester installed in a vacuum chamber. The ambient pressure was controlled at 0.02, 0.6, 30, and 105 Pa (i.e., atmospheric pressure). The normal load was 0.49 or 2.94 N, the sliding velocity was 0.01 or 0.1 m/s, and the number of friction cycles was 50,000. The friction coefficient tended to decrease with decreasing ambient pressure for all combinations of normal load and sliding velocity; by contrast, the specific wear rate of the RB ceramic pin and disk specimens tended to increase with decreasing ambient pressure. The friction coefficient exhibited a low value of 0.05 or less at 0.02 Pa. The results suggested that the reduced surface roughness and graphitization of the sliding surface of the RB ceramic pin and disk due to induced friction, as well as the increased ratio between the partial pressure of water vapor and the ambient pressure, are related to the reduction in the friction of RB ceramic–RB ceramic dry sliding contact under vacuum conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)911-919
Number of pages9
JournalTribology Transactions
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Sept 3


  • Carbon
  • dry friction
  • low friction
  • rice bran
  • vacuum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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