Background Tumor-associated M2 macrophages (TAMs) produce chemokines that affect the formation of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) by stromal factors. Since IFNs are an effective treatment for advanced-stage mycosis fungoides (MF), we hypothesized that IFNs might modulate M2 macrophages. Objective To prove our hypothesis, we stimulated monocyte-derived M2 macrophages with IFN-α2a or IFN-γ and examined the mRNA expression of chemokines. Methods By using a microarray, we selected a series of chemokines and MMPs that were strongly connected with the IL-4 stimulation. Then, we investigated the effects of IFN-α2a and IFN-γ on these chemokines. Results IFN-α2a and IFN-γ decreased the expression and production of CCL17 and CCL18 and increased those of CXCL10 and CXCL11. Moreover, the subcutaneous administration of IFN-α2a increased the CXCL11-producing cells in the lesional skin of patients with advanced MF. Conclusion Our data suggest one possible mechanism of the therapeutic effects of IFNs through TAMs for the treatment of advanced-stage MF.
- Mycosis fungoides
- Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs)