Tunnel magnetoresistance using full-Heusler alloys

K. Inomata, S. Okamura, N. Tezuka

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)


We grew Co2(Cr1-xFex)Al Heusler alloy films at room temperature (RT) without any buffer layers as well as Co 2MnZ (Z=Si and Ge), which were fabricated using a Cr buffer at RT and elevated temperatures, on thermally oxidized Si substrates using a magnetron sputtering system. The X-ray diffraction pattern of the Co2MnZ (Z=Si and Ge) films exhibited L21 structure when deposited at an elevated temperature, while it showed amorphous or nanocrystalline nature for the films deposited at RT. Co2(Cr1-xFex)Al films deposited at RT, on the other hand, revealed the B2 and A2 structures, depending on the Fe concentration x, in which the structure tends to become the A2 with increasing x, which is different from the L21 structure as expected in the bulk. The magnetic moment and the Curie temperature monotonically increased with increasing x. Spin-valve-type tunneling junctions consisting of Co2Cr1-xFexAl (100nm)/AlOx (1.4nm)/CoFe (3nm)/NiFe (5nm)/IrMn (15nm)/Ta (10nm) were fabricated at RT on thermally oxidized Si substrates without any buffer layers using metal masks. The maximum tunneling magnetoresistance obtained is 19% for x=0.4 at room temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-274
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Nov
EventInternational Symposium on Advanced Magnetic Technologies - Taipei, Taiwan, Province of China
Duration: 2003 Nov 132003 Nov 16


  • Full-Heusler alloys
  • Half-metals
  • Magnetic tunnel junctions
  • Magnetization
  • Structures
  • Tunnel magnetoresistance


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