Recent advances in the development of chemotherapies have helped improve the prognosis of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). However, predicting factors for the outcomes of chemotherapies (either gemcitabine or S-1) have not yet been established. We analyzed the expression of 4 major epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition-inducing transcription factors in 38 PDAC patients who received adjuvant chemotherapy after radical resection to examine the association with patients’ prognoses. The TWIST1-positive group showed a significantly poorer prognosis than the TWIST1-negative group for both the relapse‐free survival (median survival time [MST] of 8.9 vs. 18.5 months, P = 0.016) and the overall survival (MST of 15.2 vs. 33.4 months, P = 0.023). A multivariate analysis revealed that TWIST1 positivity was an independent prognostic factor for a poor response to adjuvant chemotherapies (hazard ratio 2.61; 95% confidence interval 1.10–6.79; P = 0.029). These results suggest that TWIST1 can be utilized as an important poor prognostic factor for radically resected PDAC patients with adjuvant chemotherapy, potentially including neoadjuvant therapy using these agents.
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 2023|
- Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition
- Neoadjuvant chemotherapy
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