Mutations in methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MECP2) in males can lead to various phenotypes, ranging from neonatal encephalopathy to intellectual disability. In this study, using Nord's method of next-generation sequencing in three siblings, we identified a 0.6 kb deletion involving the transcriptional repression domain (TRD). Two males and one female had intellectual disability and apnea, but none met the criteria of Rett syndrome. Both males had sick sinus syndrome and severe tracheomalacia that resulted in early death. The mother, with skewed X-inactivation, had no symptoms. Therefore, this mutation is pathological for both males and females, resulting in sick sinus syndrome and severe tracheomalacia with strong reproducibility in males. Deletions involving major domains in MECP2 can result in a severe phenotype, and deletion of the TRD domain can cause severe autonomic nervous system dysregulation in males in these cases.
- Autonomic nervous system dysregulation
- Large deletion
- Nord's method
- Sick sinus syndrome
- Whole-exome sequencing