The anisotropic macroscopic mechanical behavior of polycrystalline metals is characterized by incorporating the microscopic constitutive model of single crystal plasticity into the two-scale modeling based on the mathematical homogenization theory, which enables us to derive both micro- and macro-scale governing equations. The two-scale simulations are conducted to evaluate the macroscopic anisotropy induced by microscopic plastic deformation histories of the polycrystalline aggregate. In the simulations, the representative volume element (RVE) composed of several crystal grains is uniformly loaded in one direction, unloaded to macroscopically zero stress in a certain stage of deformation and then re-loaded in the different directions. The last re-loading calculations provide different macroscopic responses of the RVE, which can be the appearance of material anisotropy. We then try to examine the effects of the intergranular and intragranular behaviors on the anisotropy by means of various illustrations of microscopic plastic deformation process without referring to the change of crystallographic orientations.
- Crystal plasticity
- Deformation-induced anisotropy
- Multi-scale modeling
- Polycrystalline metals