Ultrafast Dynamic Contrast-enhanced MRI of the Breast: How Is It Used?

Masako Kataoka, Maya Honda, Akane Ohashi, Ken Yamaguchi, Naoko Mori, Mariko Goto, Tomoyuki Fujioka, Mio Mori, Yutaka Kato, Hiroko Satake, Mami Iima, Kazunori Kubota

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Ultrafast dynamic contrast-enhanced (UF-DCE) MRI is a new approach to capture kinetic information in the very early post-contrast period with high temporal resolution while keeping reasonable spatial resolution. The detailed timing and shape of the upslope in the time–intensity curve are analyzed. New kinetic parameters obtained from UF-DCE MRI are useful in differentiating malignant from benign lesions and in evaluating prognostic markers of the breast cancers. Clinically, UF-DCE MRI contributes in identifying hypervascular lesions when the background parenchymal enhancement (BPE) is marked on conventional dynamic MRI. This review starts with the technical aspect of accelerated acquisition. Practical aspects of UF-DCE MRI include identification of target hypervascular lesions from marked BPE and diagnosis of malignant and benign lesions based on new kinetic parameters derived from UF-DCE MRI: maximum slope (MS), time to enhance (TTE), bolus arrival time (BAT), time interval between arterial and venous visualization (AVI), and empirical mathematical model (EMM). The parameters derived from UF-DCE MRI are compared in terms of their diagnostic performance and association with prognostic markers. Pitfalls of UF-DCE MRI in the clinical situation are also covered. Since UF-DCE MRI is an evolving technique, future prospects of UF-DCE MRI are discussed in detail by citing recent evidence. The topic covers prediction of treatment response, multi-parametric approach using DWI-derived parameters, evaluation of tumor-related vessels, and application of artificial intelligence for UF-DCE MRI. Along with comprehensive literature review, illustrative clinical cases are used to understand the value of UF-DCE MRI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-94
Number of pages12
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • breast
  • compressed sensing
  • dynamic contrast enhanced
  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • ultrafast

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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