Ultrasound-aided ipsilateral-dominant epidural block for total hip arthroplasty: A randomised controlled single-blind study

Ryo Ichi Kawaguchi, Masanori Yamauchi, Shigekazu Sugino, Michiaki Yamakage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


abs Background and objective Lumbar epidural anaesthesia usually affects both legs. The aim was to compare the success rates of ultrasound-aided vs. classical midline epidural catheter insertion for ipsilateral-dominant blocks and analgesia in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty. Methods The protocol was designed as a prospective randomised single-blind study. In the ultrasound group (n=12), ultrasound examination was performed to determine the puncture point and direction for ipsilateral-dominant block. In the midline group (n=12), epidural puncture was performed by the usual midline approach. Rates of successful ipsilateral-dominant block using 6 ml of lidocaine 1.5% wt vol -1 (primary outcome) and effects of patient-controlled epidural analgesia using ropivacaine 0.2% wt vol -1 (secondary outcomes) were evaluated. Results The rates of successful ipsilateral-dominant block were 83% in the ultrasound group and 17% in the midline group (P=0.004). Sensory and motor functions on the non-operated side in the ultrasound group were significantly better maintained than those on the operated side and compared with those on the non-operated side in the midline group (P<0.05). Pain scores at mobilisation, incidence of post-operative nausea andvomiting and frequency of use of supplemental analgesics were significantly lower in the ultrasound group than in the midline group (P<0.05). Conclusion The use of ultrasound significantly improves the success rate of ipsilateral epidural block compared with the standard midline approach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-140
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Journal of Anaesthesiology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Feb


  • Epidural block
  • Motor function
  • Orthopaedic surgery
  • Post-operative analgesia
  • Ultrasound imaging


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